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Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Creating a your own hosted registry for the docker

1. Download the docker repository
wget https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/docker.repo

2. Install the docker-ce on the system as
yum install docker-ce -y

3. Create a directory as
mkdir /root/certs

4. Go to the website
sslforfree.com and generate the keys for your domain by manually verifying your domain and copy in the /root/certs directory

5. unzip the certs downloaded from sslforfree.zip
unzip sslforfree.zip
ls -ltr

-rw-r--r--. 1 centos centos 5599 Feb 19 11:11 sslforfree.zip
-rw-r--r--. 1 root   root   1703 Feb 19  2019 private.key
-rw-r--r--. 1 root   root   1922 Feb 19  2019 certificate.crt
-rw-r--r--. 1 root   root   1646 Feb 19  2019 ca_bundle.crt

6. Create the 2 directories as
[[email protected] certs]# mkdir -p /opt/registry/data
[[email protected] certs]# mkdir -p /var/lib/registry

7. Start and enable the docker service as
[[email protected] certs]# systemctl start docker
[[email protected] certs]# systemctl enable docker
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/docker.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service.
[[email protected] certs]#

6. Run your private repsository as
docker run -d -p 443:443 -v /root/certs:/certs -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_CERTIFICATE=/certs/certificate.crt -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_KEY=/certs/private.key -e REGISTRY_HTTP_ADDR=0.0.0.0:443 -v /opt/registry/data:/var/lib/registry --name registry registry:2

[[email protected] certs]# docker run -d -p 443:443 -v /root/certs:/certs -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_CERTIFICATE=/certs/certificate.crt -e REGISTRY_HTTP_TLS_KEY=/certs/private.key -e REGISTRY_HTTP_ADDR=0.0.0.0:443 -v /opt/registry/data:/var/lib/registry --name registry registry:2
Unable to find image 'registry:2' locally
2: Pulling from library/registry
169185f82c45: Pull complete
046e2d030894: Pull complete
188836fddeeb: Pull complete
832744537747: Pull complete
7ceea07e80be: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:870474507964d8e7d8c3b53bcfa738e3356d2747a42adad26d0d81ef4479eb1b
Status: Downloaded newer image for registry:2
2f5bf3270abefe9e2bbdca51ae93b5dd5cc281837b62f24f0bc976a6801e2e41


7. Add the DNS record pointing to your server as
registry.test.unixcloudfusion.in IN A 52.39.129.41

8. We can test access to the registry using curl. The response should provide headers, for example Docker-Distribution-API-Version, indicating the request was processed by the Registry server.

[[email protected] certs]# curl -iv https://registry.unixcloudfusion.in/v2/
* About to connect() to registry.unixcloudfusion.in port 443 (#0)
*   Trying 52.39.129.41...
* Connected to registry.unixcloudfusion.in (52.39.129.41) port 443 (#0)
* Initializing NSS with certpath: sql:/etc/pki/nssdb
*   CAfile: ca_bundle.crt
  CApath: none
* SSL connection using TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
* Server certificate:
* subject: CN=*.unixcloudfusion.in
* start date: Feb 19 09:18:56 2019 GMT
* expire date: May 20 09:18:56 2019 GMT
* common name: *.unixcloudfusion.in
* issuer: CN=Let's Encrypt Authority X3,O=Let's Encrypt,C=US
> GET /v2/ HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.29.0
> Host: registry.unixcloudfusion.in
> Accept: */*
>
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Length: 2
Content-Length: 2
< Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
< Docker-Distribution-Api-Version: registry/2.0
Docker-Distribution-Api-Version: registry/2.0
< X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
< Date: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 16:31:33 GMT
Date: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 16:31:33 GMT

9. Download the image from the dockerhub, add the tags to identify it belongs to your repository
[[email protected] certs]# docker pull alpine:latest;docker tag alpine:latest registry.unixcloudfusion.in/alpine:alpinelocalv1
latest: Pulling from library/alpine
6c40cc604d8e: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:b3dbf31b77fd99d9c08f780ce6f5282aba076d70a513a8be859d8d3a4d0c92b8
Status: Downloaded newer image for alpine:latest

10. Verify the docker image as
[[email protected] certs]# docker images
REPOSITORY                           TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
registry                             2                   d0eed8dad114        2 weeks ago         25.8MB
alpine                               latest              caf27325b298        2 weeks ago         5.53MB
registry.unixcloudfusion.in/alpine   alpinelocalv1       caf27325b298        2 weeks ago         5.53MB

11. Push the image to your own repository
[[email protected] certs]# docker push registry.unixcloudfusion.in/alpine:alpinelocalv1
The push refers to repository [registry.unixcloudfusion.in/alpine]
503e53e365f3: Pushed
alpinelocalv1: digest: sha256:25b4d910f4b76a63a3b45d0f69a57c34157500faf6087236581eca221c62d214 size: 528


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